The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2019
Missing just over a decade to 2030 but what has been done so far can be enough to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals?
Almost 5 years have passed since the approval of Agenda 2030, the action program for people, the planet and prosperity signed in September 2015 by the governments of the 193 UN member states that fixes the commitments for sustainable development to be realized by 2030, identifying 17 Objectives (SDGs - Sustainable Development Goals) and 169 targets.
The 17 Sustainable Development Goals provide a shared framework to address the world's biggest and most important sustainability challenges: from environmental, economic, social and cultural development, with each target branching into a separate list of precise indicators and objectives .
The report edited by the United Nations published in these days has the main objective to understand if the actions carried out so far have laid the right foundations for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and above all how far we still have to go.
Progress and critical issues
The 2019 Sustainable Development Goals Report uses the latest data available to track overall SDG progress and to take stock of what we have achieved, and the presented framework shows us that while progress has been made in some areas, they remain monumental challenges that we cannot ignore.
Starting from the progress and favorable trends found, the Report shows that extreme poverty has decreased considerably, the mortality rate under 5 has fallen by 49% between 2000 and 2017, vaccinations have saved millions of lives and the vast Most of the world's population now has access to electricity. Countries are taking concrete actions to protect our planet.
Despite the progress, the report identifies many areas that require urgent collective attention. The natural environment is deteriorating at an alarming rate: sea levels are increasing; ocean acidification is accelerating; the last four years have been the hottest ever recorded; one million animal and plant species are at risk of extinction; and the degradation of the territory continues without control.
Our efforts to end human suffering and create opportunities for all are also moving too slowly: even today, around half of the world's population does not have essential health services.
It is clear that a much deeper, quicker and more ambitious response is needed to unleash the social and economic transformation necessary to achieve the 2030 goals.
The most urgent challenge: the global fight against climate change
Nel Report delle Nazioni Unite emerge la necessità di trovare una visione olistica dell'Agenda 2030 e riuscire a identificare le aree di maggiore impatto al fine di indirizzare al meglio gli interventi.
The Report, and not only, shows us how the most urgent area of intervention, which requires an unprecedented global effort, is undoubtedly that of Climate Change.
If we fail to drastically reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases recorded so far, the catastrophic effects, already in place, will be irreversible and on the agenda: increased acidification of the oceans, coastal erosion, extreme weather conditions, frequency and gravity natural disasters, land degradation, loss of vital species and the collapse of ecosystems; these are just some of the effects that will make many parts of the planet uninhabitable.
The fight against climate change, the number 13 goal of the 2030 Agenda, is indeed an urgent and complex challenge, but just like all "problems", even in this case there are precious solutions and opportunities to accelerate the transition to sustainable economies. . Limiting global warming to 1.5 ° C is necessary to avoid catastrophic consequences and irreversible changes. This will require rapid and far-reaching transitions in energy, land and urban infrastructure and industrial systems.
While countries have taken positive steps to prepare nationally determined contributions (NDC) and by increasing funding to combat climate change, much more ambitious plans and unprecedented changes are needed in all aspects of society. Access to finance and the strengthening of resilience and adaptability must be increased at a much faster pace, particularly among the least developed countries.
For further information, consult the complete Report