The new Integrated National Plan for Energy and Climate
The Ministry of Economic Development has published the Integrated National Plan for Energy and Climate (PNIEC), prepared with the Ministry of the Environment and the protection of the territory and the sea and the Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport, which incorporates the news contained in the Decree Law on Climate as well as those on investments for the Green New Deal.
The PNIEC establishes the national targets for 2030 on energy efficiency, renewable sources and the reduction of CO2 emissions, as well as the targets for energy security, interconnections, the single energy market and competitiveness, sustainable development and mobility, outlining for each of them the measures that will be implemented to ensure their achievement.
Italy therefore intends to achieve and exceed the objectives of the EU, placing the citizen at the center of the Italian energy transition, recipient and active part of climate and environment policy; it is certainly the beginning of an important change in our country's energy and environmental policy.
The plan in particular is structured on 5 lines of invention, which will then be developed in an integrated way:
Italy intends to accelerate the transition from traditional fuels to renewable sources, promoting the gradual abandonment of coal for electricity generation in favor of an electric mix based on an increasing share of renewables and, for the remaining part, on gas. Policies and measures necessary to achieve the greenhouse gas reduction targets agreed at international and European level will be implemented. With regard to renewables, our country will promote their further development together with the protection and enhancement of existing production, if possible by exceeding the 30% target, which in any case is to be taken as a contribution that is provided for the achievement of the community target .
2. Energy efficiency
We intend to use a mix of fiscal, economic, regulatory and programmatic tools, mainly calibrated by sectors of intervention and type of recipients. However, the integration of energy efficiency into policies and measures with main purposes other than efficiency will also be pursued in order to optimize the relationship between costs and benefits of the actions.
3. Energy security
For security of supply, we intend to pursue, on the one hand, the reduction of dependence on imports by increasing renewable sources and energy efficiency and, on the other, the diversification of sources of supply (for example by using the natural gas also through LNG, with infrastructures consistent with the scenario of deep decarbonisation by 2050).
4. Development of the internal energy market
A greater degree of market integration is believed to be an advantage for the whole Union, and therefore electricity interconnections and market coupling with other Member States will be strengthened, but interconnections will also be studied and developed, given Italy's geographical position. with third countries, with the aim of promoting efficient exchanges.
5. Research, innovation and competitiveness
There are three basic criteria that will inspire action on research and innovation in the energy sector:
to. the finalization of resources and activities for the development of processes, products and knowledge that have an outlet in the markets opened by the support measures for the use of technologies for renewables, energy efficiency and networks;
b. synergistic integration between systems and technologies;
c. see 2030 as a stage in the path of deep decarbonisation, on which Italy is committed consistently to the long-term strategy to 2050, in which ambitious scenarios of reduction of emissions up to climate neutrality are hypothesized, in line with EU guidelines.
As underlined by the Minister of Economic Development Stefano Patuanelli “Italy's goal is to contribute decisively to the realization of an important change in the energy and environmental policy of the European Union, through the identification of shared measures that are capable of to also accompany the transition taking place in the production world towards the Green New Deal ".
The implementation of the Plan will be ensured by legislative decrees transposing European directives on energy efficiency, renewable sources and electricity and gas markets, which will be issued during 2020.