New water supply systems for sustainable development

The "Borehole 'Antonio Giaffreda' Project, Senegal" was developed by Energia per lo Sviluppo (EPS), an Italian association that works for the preparation and implementation of international solidarity projects through the installation of technological systems in areas in via of development, still without electricity; in collaboration with the ANCA (Agence Nationale de Conseil Agricole et Rural) and Carbonsink.

Carbonsink, EPS and ANCAR have created a project that aims to provide safe drinking water to more than 490 families for a total of 4,632 inhabitants. The project involves the transformation of five existing, almost unusable, manual wells into electrified photovoltaic-powered wells that will allow the cultivation of about one hectare of land for each installation.

The place of intervention is located in the community of Merina Dakhar, region of Thies (Senegal). In Senegal a large number of wells in the western part of the country, which is the most populated area, is salted. The unsalted water points (wells) are often polluted. Only a small percentage of the rural population has easy and direct access to safe drinking water compared to the urban population.

Many health problems are related to the use of unprotected water sources and the use of unsafe water: a high incidence of diseases like diarrhea, intestinal infections, parasites.

The project involves the installation of water supply systems that will be equipped with purification filters and will be based on solar energy pumps capable of extracting water from wells, thus ensuring the supply of clean drinking water for domestic use and also for irrigation of agricultural land. The project has the main objective of improving the hygiene, social, economic and environmental situation related to the water cycle in rural areas.

The project has the main objective of improving the hygiene, social, economic and environmental situation related to the water cycle in rural areas, namely:

  • Ensure easy access to water for families.
  • Provide water to irrigate farmland and animals, contributing to the development of the local subsistence economy.
  • Reduce the adverse health effects associated with the use of unsafe water.
  • Reduction of the amount of wood used to boil water for purification purposes and therefore of the time spent collecting it.
  • Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions deriving from the combustion of wood to purify drinking water.

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New water supply systems for sustainable development